According to Paragraph 1 of Article 2 and Article 4 &5 of the “Organic Act of the Financial Supervisory Commission (FSC)” and other applicable financial regulations, the Financial Examination Bureau (FEB) conducts financial examinations at financial institutions within the FSC’s jurisdiction. In addition, according to Paragraph 1 of Article 7 of the “Agricultural Finance Act”, the FEB conducts examinations at agricultural financial institutions empowered by the Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan.
Types of financial examinations:
Financial examinations consist of full-scope examinations, targeted examinations and commissioned examinations.
The frequency and implementation of examinations:
A. Implementation of Full-scope Examinations:
i. The FEB conducts examinations for head offices of financial institutions, in principle, once during each 2-year period. The examination frequency for these institutions also depends on the results assessed by the differential financial examination.
ii. Implementation of full-scope examinations during the first half of 2020 and in 2019:
|Types of financial institutions||2020.1-6||2019|
|Financial holding companies||3||7|
|Domestic banks *||18||50|
|Foreign bank branches in Taiwan||3||9|
|Bills finance companies||1||5|
|Life insurance companies||5||11|
|Non-life insurance companies||4||13|
|Securities firms, securities investment trust companies and securities finance companies||14||19*|
*: The statistics include full-scope examinations conducted at head offices, domestic and foreign branches of the institutions.
B. Implementation of Targeted Examinations:
Referring to financial supervisory information and in response to financial supervisory policies, the FEB conducted targeted examinations during the past year as follows:
i. The targeted examinations conducted by the FEB during the first half of 2020 were “electronic payment business for the domestic banks”, “broker business for the domestic banks”, “liquidity risk management of the domestic banks”, and “futures brokerage business for the futures commission merchant ”.
ii.The targeted examinations conducted by the FEB in 2019 were “operations of anti-money laundering, counter-terrorism financing and non-proliferation for various types of financial institutions”, “the FHCs’ management mechanisms of interested-party transactions”, “electronic payment business for domestic banks”, “credit card and cash card business for domestic banks”, “digital financial services and information security of the IoT appliance of domestic banks”, “internal control of domestic banks’ trading rooms”, “domestic banks’ security maintenance, monitoring and emergency response of host system”, “security control of information system and internal management (including the operations of anti-money laundering) for Chunghwa Post Co., Ltd.”, “internal management for the cross-district branches or the branches in remote areas of Credit Unions”, “business management and IT operations for the electronic payment institutions”, “securities investment business for insurance companies”, “operations for preventing conflicts of interest with regard to equity trader for life insurance companies”, “the implementation of IFRS 9 for life insurance companies”, “broker business of insurance brokerage firms, insurance agent companies and reinsurance companies”, “broker business of securities firms’ branches”, “sub-brokerage business for securities firms”, “Robo-Advisor business for securities investment trust companies and securities investment consulting companies”, “discretionary investment business and the business of master agents of offshore funds for securities investment trust companies”, and etc.
C. Commissioned examinations:
According to Paragraph 1 of Article 7 of the “Agricultural Finance Act”, the FEB conducts examinations at agricultural financial institutions and information centers empowered by the Council of Agriculture, Executive Yuan. In total, the FEB completed 74 examinations during the first half of 2020 and 137 examinations in 2019.